N. F. Mahmudov,
Chairman of the Board of Avicenna Public Foundation

Prof. Sh. Ya. Zakirkhodjaev,
Head of the Department of Internal Diseases of Tashkent Medical Academy

The period of cultural awakening in Central Asia, which began in the Middle Ages six hundred years before the European countries, facilitated the development
of a large group of genius scientists whose names were written in gilded letters in the annals of world history. One such genius is Abu Ali Ibn Sina, who blessed creativity on almost all fields of science and raised medicine to great heights.

During the time of Abu Ali Ibn Sina (known in Europe as Avicenna), medicine in the Central Asia region reached perfection in all respects. It was strongly influenced by Greek, Roman, Jewish, Syrian, Arabic, Persian, Chinese, and Indian medicine, among which the ancient scientific and practical manual Avesta was the main point in this maturation process.

It is not only Ibn Sina’s knowledge of science that is unique; he also perfectly mastered such subjects as medicine, philosophy, logic, morality, natural science,
astronomy, chemistry, poetry, linguistics, and musicology, and he wrote notable works in these areas.

The writings of Ibn Sina show awareness of the works of such scholars as Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, Euclid, Fales, Geraklit, Pythagoras and Jalinius. Ibn Sina completed major works such as Kitab al-Shifa (“The Book of Healing”), Al Konun fit-Tibb (“Canon of Medicine”), Kitab al-Najat (“The Book of Salvation”), and Donishmandnoma (“The Book of Knowledge”), dedicated to his philosophy, medicine, and medical sciences.

Within the works of Ibn Sina dedicated to medical issues, his “Canon of Medicine” is the great masterpiece. “Canon of Medicine” was republished in Latin twenty times, and thirty-six times in total, by the sixteenth century. In this regard it can be compared only to the Bible. Until the middle of the seventeenth century, Ibn Sina’s masterpiece was the main teaching manual in the field of medicine in the prestigious universities of Europe.

The highest merit of the “Canon of Medicine” is that Ibn Sina introduced advanced ideas of Western, Eastern, Chinese, and Indian medicine, which were up to the task, and enriched them with the results of scientific observations and experiences, both personal and those of contemporaries. Thanks to this, “Canon of
Medicine” is a encyclopedic medical resource recognized around the world.

Among the works of Abu Ali Ibn Sina on medicine, Kitab al-Shifa consists of twenty-two books, of which eight are related to medicine and Al-Urjuza fit-Tibb
(“Medical Poem”) occupies a special place. This work is the largest epic poem attributed to the pen of the scientist. The book is an encyclopedic work that covers
all knowledge of the time when Ibn Sina lived—that is, in the Muslim East.

It should be noted that in Kitab al-Shifa Ibn Sina made conclusions on works created by previous scholars in these scientific fields, and sometimes included their
own attachments to them. For example, according to Juzjaniy, in the mathematics section of Kitab al-Shifa Abu Ali Ibn Sina added ten theorems to Euclid’s geometry and developed theories about parallax (a technique for measuring cosmic distance). In the section on astronomy, Ptolemy’s notable work in the field was completely included in the “Almajitiy” new thoughts.

In Ibn Sina dedicated a large amount of his work Donishmandnoma to astronomy, describing the movement of the main celestial bodies, the movement of the Sun and Moon, a comparison of the size of the Earth, Moon, and Sun, the movement of the planets, and so on. Ibn Sina also led the construction of an observatory in the city of Isfahan between 1024 and 1032, where he conducted systematic astronomical observations. Ibn Sina even made an astronomical instrument for the observatory that boasted a measurement accuracy significantly superior to other instruments of its kind at the time. This tool was used in observatories for several centuries.

The last part of the mathematics section of the Donishmandnoma refers to the theory of music, and consists of nine chapters. Ibn Sina describes innovative ideas about the ratio of sounds, rhythms, melodies, and musical instruments. Ibn Sina paid great attention to musical education in human life and for the first time created a scientific basis for understanding the effects of music on a single whole organism.

The foundation regularly holds national and international seminars, conferences, and roundtables © Avicenna Foundation

The Foundation studies and promotes the heritage of Abu Ali Ibn Sina © Avicenna Foundation

If the rhythm of the music heard is equal to or greater than an average of seventy-five beats per minute, the heart rate of a person who was previously calm
will equalize accordingly, and they will begin to show physical activity. On the other hand, when the rhythm of the music is lower than seventy beats per minute, the heartbeat also decreases and the person begins to calm down. Playing music can and the Avicenna Public Foundation regional branch in Khorezm.
• 1 May 2014 (Tashkent, Uzbekistan) — An event dedicated to the “Year of the Healthy Child” called “Healthy Generation — Healthy Future.” The event was held at the Uzbek State Musical Theater named after Mukimi. Avicenna Public Foundation held this event in close cooperation with the Tashkent Medical Academy and the Ministry of Higher and Secondary Education of the Republic of Uzbekistan. The purpose of the event was the promotion and popularization of a healthy lifestyle among Uzbek youth. The event was attended by five hundred students of the institutions, universities, colleges, and high schools of Tashkent city, representatives of the Tashkent Medical Academy, the Ministry of Higher Education, and the WHO in Uzbekistan. The audience was addressed by Prof. Zakirkhodjaev Sherzod, Chairman of the Avicenna Public Foundation, and Dr. Asmus Hammerih, Head of the WHO country office in the Republic of Uzbekistan.

Avicenna Public Foundation has administered two scientific research grants of the Committee for Development of Science and New Technologies under the auspices of the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Uzbekistan: “Promotion of Healthy Lifestyle among Children, Adolescents, and Youth” (2012–2014) and “The Lack of Amino Acids in the Nutrition of the Population and the Optimal Ways of Their Correction” (2013–2014).

In 2012, 2014, 2016, and 2018, scientific and practical conferences in the areas of promotion of healthy lifestyle were held in Urgench and Khiva.

In 2011, 2013, 2015, 2017, and 2019 the sixth through tenth International Avicenna Readings were held in Bukhara. These were scientific and practical conferences with sections dedicated to the promotion of health lifestyle, including presentations on the dangers of smoking.

A national scientific and practical conference on “Healthy Lifestyles in the Heritage of Ibn Sina: Theory and Practice” was held 20 November 2018. A memorandum of cooperation with the Public Foundation for the support of NGOs of Uzbekistan was signed. The purpose of the memorandum is to organize work in the direction of the promotion and popularization of healthy lifestyle among the population and the intensification of civil society activity in this direction.

Publications © Avicenna foundation

Over the past six years, as well as the national and international seminars, conferences, and forums on healthy lifestyle, the foundation has collected scientific theses and articles, along with reports directly addressing healthy lifestyle and the dangers of smoking, e-cigarettes, nasvay (a type of smokeless tobacco for oral use), and hookah.

The foundation regularly participates in parliamentary hearings on health issues, and offers its consideration and promotion of a number of draft laws in this area.